It is the third largest country in the world in terms of area. It shares borders with Korea, Russia, Pakistan, India, Nepal, Bhutan, Afghanistan, Myanmar, Laos and Vietnam. It is called the People's Republic of China and is in eastern Asia. China has about 5,000 islands belonging to it and had a shoreline of over 18,000 km. Taiwan is the biggest island. Mandarin is spoken by the majority in China. The Cantonese dialect and English are also spoken. Beijing is the capital and has many attractive tourist sites across the city.
The Great Wall is China's most famous landmark and is known to be seen from the moon. There are watch towers every 200 to 300 metres. The soldiers used to communicate using fire signals. The Forbidden City or the Imperial Palace that was finished in 1420 is situated in the center of Beijing. Just south of it is the Tiananmen Square. It is the biggest inner-city square in the world and can hold up to a million people easily. The Summer Palace in Beijing houses a large park and the Kunming Lake.
The largest city in China is Shanghai. You can find traditional Chinese architecture as well as European buildings in the city. The Bundarea faces the Huangpu River. Shanghai is a major financial, commercial and cultural centre. The Oriental Pearl TV Tower is the world's third tallest TV and radio tower. It stands in Lujiazui district. There is a hotel and a rotating restaurant too here. Shanghai Wild Animal Park is a zoo in and has about 10,000 animals from around the world.
The terracotta museum covers an area of 14,000sq.m. It is a unique site and has about 6,000 life-size terracotta warriors and horses. It is a must visit spot for all tourists. This 2200 year-old monument was part of the Tomb of Qinshihuang, and was accidentally discovered by local farmers.
Along the Yangtze River there are many beautiful spots and historical sites. The three gorges - the Qutang Gorge, the Wuxia Gorge, and the Xiling Gorge attracts a lot of people.The Hainan Island is located off the south coast of China. It is covered by tropical resorts.
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